Saturday, June 19, 2004

Log of Vocabulary During the Semester

3/7
1. Folder: a folder is a thin piece of cardboard in which you can keep loose papers.
i. The folder was 2 inches thick…
2. Saccharine
This is used to refer to an action or personality that appears very sweet, but at the same time insincere; rather related to "cheesy"
EXAMPLE:
After I apologized to the librarian for returning my books late, she gave me a saccharine smile and told me that it didn't matter, but her eyes seeme to be saying that I had better not turn them in late again.
3. dean: 大學教務長;學院院長
4. acclaimed 受到讚揚的
5. press release 新聞稿
6. toe the lines: perhaps means—doing things in a certain way which established by certain people.→ 遵守秩序 或 乖乖聽話。Ex: If you can make your students to the lines, you are a successful teacher. Ex2: The British agency will dangle carrot only if the government agrees to toe DFID lines. Ex3: Making the Tobacco Industry "Toe the Lines" Drawn by the MSA: Lessons Learned From MSA Enforcement Litigation.
7. gaze 凝視;注視 ex: gazing out the sea of faces.
8. second to none 首屈一指,沒人比他好,不比任何人差: he is second to none.
9. dormant 冬眠的;靜止狀態的;睡著狀態的
10. hibernation 冬眠
11. hoodlum 無賴;流氓
12. gangster (成群結隊的) 流氓;黑道
13. verbal 言辭的;字句的 ex: verbal skill 運用語言的能力
14. shrine 神壇
15. liquor 烈酒
16. sterile 不結果實的;貧瘠的;無菌的
17. aristocracy 貴族(總稱)
Dusk - Noun
The time of day before it gets dark; Around 4:00 in the winter; 7:30 - 8:30 in the summer; Example: I usually turn my lights on at dusk.
Troublesome - Adjective
full of trouble
Example: Morning traffic is troublesome. I have to leave for work very early because of the heavy traffic.
Example: Caleb was sometimes troublesome as a baby because he cried a lot and bothered his sister.
Similar words: bothersome (full of bother) ; worrisome (full of worry)
Stew - Noun
A dish of beef and vegetables, which is cooked slowly with water and spices
Snored - Regular verb
to make noises while sleeping
Example: When her husband snored, she woke him up.
Example: Jacob's housekeeper snored every night.
Turnips - Plural noun
A large vegetable that is usually yellow or white
Mild mannered - Adjective
Gentle or kind
Example: A mild mannered person doesn't like to fight.
Example: Sarah was not mild mannered. She liked to do things her own way.
Melt - Verb; Past tense = melted
To change from a solid to a liquid; ice melts into water; ice cream melts into liquid ice cream Example: It was so hot that my ice cream melted all over my hands.
Braid - Noun and verb
a way to decorate hair
Example1: When Sarah was young, she wore her hair in braids.
Example2: Do you know how to braid hair?
Fogbound - Adjective
To be trapped by fog; Fog looks like clouds on the ground.
Example: It was a rainy, cloudy day, so I had to turn on the headlights of my car. The road was fogbound. Similar words: wheelchairbound - a person who has to stay in a wheelchair is wheelchairbound; housebound - a person who has to stay in the house is housebound
Pesky - Adjective
a person who makes a lot of trouble or bothers others; troublesome
Example: Caleb thought he was too pesky because he talked a lot.
Hush - Exclamation or verb
to become silent or quiet.
Example: "Hush! The baby's trying to sleep."
Plain - Adjective
simple; not decorated; not attractive
Example: Sarah said that she was plain and tall.
Example: A plain sandwich doesn't have any mustard or mayonnaise.
Hitch; Past Tense - Hitched - Verb
to connect or attach
Example: Jacob hitched a horse to the wagon.
Fetch; Past Tense - Fetched - Verb
to go and bring back;
Example: Jacob fetched Sarah from the train station.
Woodchuck; - Noun
a North American animal of the rodent (rat) family; it has short legs, a round body, and brown fur.
Example: In New Jersey, you can find woodchucks in fields and woods.
Paws; - Plural Noun
An animal's feet are called "paws".
Lonely; - Adjective
to be without companions or friends; to feel sad to be by yourself;
Example: Some immigrants feel lonely when they first come to a new country.
Preacher; - Noun
a type of religious person, similar to a priest or minister;
Example: Jacob will talk to his preacher if he decides to marry Sarah in the church.
Bunches - Plural Noun
a group of something - a group of flowers, fruit, people, etc
Example: I bought a small bunch of bananas.
Example: There was a bunch of students waiting outside the professor's office.
Nests - Plural Noun
a bird's home, which is made to hold its eggs and baby birds
Example: I found a bird's nest in the tree next to my window.
Bark - Verb and Noun
the sound that a dog makes
Example: Even though it was a small dog, it had a very loud bark.
Example: My dog barks everytime the mailperson delivers the mail.
Turkey buzzard - Plural Noun
a type of bird, similar to a turkey; a turkey that can fly and will eat dead animals
Scared - Adjective
frightened; afraid
Example1: Sarah wasn't scared when she slid down the dune.
Example2: Many people are scared of snakes.
...the stars blinked like fireflies - a simile (an expression that compares 2 different things;
Fireflies are small insects that you often see at night in the summer; they have small yellow lights.
Anna said that the stars looked like fireflies.
Example: Sarah slid down the hay that was like a dune in Maine.
"Sliding down our dune of hay is almost as fine as sliding down the sand dunes into the sea." (Meaning: Sarah compared sliding down the hay to sliding down sand dunes.)
Chores - Plural Noun
daily or routine tasks;
Example: One of my daily chores is to make my bed.
Meadow - Noun
a grassy area where sheep and cows can rest and eat;
Example: Sarah found the sheep eating in the meadow.
Grin - Verb and noun; grinned = past tense
a big smile showing your teeth;
Example: Caleb grinned when Sarah talked about summer.
Frown - Noun and verb; frowned=past tense
a facial expression; when you are thinking hard or are angry, you frown;
Example: During the test, many students frowned when they read the difficult questions.
Biscuits - Plural Noun
a small cake of bread made from flour, water, and egg; usually eaten for breakfast or with a dinner meal; Example: In the winter, Papa and the children baked hot biscuits and ate them with butter.
Tumbleweed - Noun
a dead plant that blows about in the wind;
Example: When the wind blows, you can see tumbleweeds rolling around the yard.
Float - Verb
to rest on top of water;
Example: When Sarah went to the cow pond, she taught the children how tofloat on the water.
Tread - Verb; past tense= treaded
to move your hands so that you keep your head out of the water;
Example: In the cow pond, Sarah treaded water while she was talking to the children.
Sly - Adjective
secretive (likes to keep secrets); clever; cunning
Example: A sly person may get into a little trouble.
Example: Caleb was sometimes sly when he wanted to find out information about Sarah.
Plow - A verb and a noun
a piece of farm equipment that is used to prepare the field for planting
Example: Jacob used a plow in the vegetable garden.
Example: Sarah learned how to plow the field.
Thunder - Noun
a loud sound that you hear during a bad storm
Example: I think it's going to rain. I hear thunder.
Example: My dog is afraid of thunder and other loud noises. During storms, he hides under the bed.
Pungent - Adjective
a strong smell
Example: Before a storm, there is often a pungent smell in the air.
Example: There was a pungent smell in the refrigerator, so I threw out some old food.
Lightning - Noun
a flash of light in the sky; it usually happens before or during a storm
Example: Lightning hit that tree and caused a fire.
Example: When there's a summer rain storm, there is often lightning and thunder.
Hay - Noun
dried grass; it's often given to farm animals for food.
Example: On a farm, the cows and horses eat hay.
Dawn - Noun
early morning when the sun first begins to come up
Example: My mother's a nurse and works the first shift, so she gets up at dawn.
Example: On New Year's Eve, some people stay up until dawn, about 5:00 or 6:00am to greet the new year.
Leaped - A past tense verb
to jump
Example: Seal leaped onto the windowsill.
Nudged - A past tense verb
to push someone or something gently;
Example: Caleb nudged Anna to get her attention.
Example: Sarah nudged the door open with her foot.
Burst into tears - An expression; the verb "burst"
to suddenly begin to cry
Example: Caleb burst into tears because he thought that Sarah was going to go back to Maine.
1. Belly: Belly is between chest and hip. I slap on my belly to show my wife how the supper satisfied me. His bellyful ideas always mean and cruel.
2. Doe, fawn: A deer’s family includes Buck, doe, and fawns, and fawn is usually the symbol color of the deer. Shiloh fawns on Marty because Marty treats him nice.
3. Groundhog: Do you think that Jessie would be kind to tell me what is the difference between groundhog, woodchuck, and marmot? The question has confused me for a long time, because they all have the same explanation in Chinese!
4. Detour: Sometimes detour will go further than straight, especially when we encounter something thorny.
5. Slink: That burglar slinked into the dark shadow and detoured around the lane to escape from the cops’ arrest. Jessie may want to teach me how to use “sneak” and “slink” differently.
1. Stroke: Marty strokes Shiloh all over showing how much he love the dog. I love swimming and can swim in two types, such as free style and frog stroke or breaststroke.
2. Slam: I hear the back screen slam, and Dad comes out on the stoop. He threw his books down with a slam.
3. Heels: I have a blister on my heel because my shoes are too tight.
4. Trailer: He transports his boat by putting it on a trailer behind his car.
5. Howdy: A dialect of south America, which means “How do you do.”

1. Dwell: They dwelt in London for two years. He dwells in poverty most of his life.
2. Cereal: I have just bought a box of cereal.
3. Route: This is the shortest route from Boston to New York.
4. Scram: Scram sounds like “Get Out!” or “Go Away Immediately!”
5. Shrugs: She shrugged at my suggestion. With a shrug, he went out of the room.
1. Game warden: a warden is the president of a prison, but Game warden is an officer of hunting.
2. Sheriff: He was elected the sheriff of the county.
3. Whine: The dog is whining out side the door.
4. Creep: She crept into the room and kissed the sleeping child.
5. Leash: Walk a dog on a leash.
1. Giggle: The absurd story made her giggle.
2. Ditch: They are digging irrigation ditches.
3. Saucer: She offered me tea in her best cup and saucer.
4. Slobber: The dog commences to slobber love all over Marty.
5. Belch: Dad belches and goes out on the back porch to look at the sky.

1. Nibble: She sat down to nibble candy. I could feel fish nibbling at the bait.
2. Loyal: She was loyal to her faith. He is loyal to his wife.
3. Moody: Eleven is a moody age. It is difficult to predict his reaction because he is so moody.
4. Plunk: She plunks herself down beside me in that swing and starts doing everything I do.
5. Wormy: Is this a wormy peach? I see something is moving inside…-_-;


1. Parlor: She was lying on a small settee in the parlor. Is parlor a living room?
2. Chime: The church bells chimed. The clock chimed one o’clock.
3. Popsicle: Popsicles become children’s favorite in summer.
4. Blocks: Children play Blocks’ games in the game room.
5. Celery: Children usually don’t like to eat celery, but grownups do.


1. Investigator: Many investigators have studied the topic. The couple hired an investigator to handle the case.
2. Allergic: She’s allergic to dogs. Allergic means sensitive in medical science.
3. Creek: There are often wild ducks swimming in the creek. Some small boats moored near the creek.
4. Bust: I got a sadness inside me growing so big I feel I’m about to bust. He busted his watch yesterday.
5. Rehearsed: Rehearsed my lines so often I can say them by heart. They are rehearsing a new play.


1. Camouflage: they covered their tanks with leaves and branches as camouflage.
2. Grin: She grinned foolishly at him.
3. Intention: His good intentions were repaid by good results. It wasn’t my intention to fool you.
4. Slog: He slogs over through waist-high weeds to where the doe lays.
5. Whirl: The electric fan blades whirled in the hot room. The car whirled down the street.


1. Omission: The omission of “for” in this sentence is incorrect. This sentence does not allow any omissions.
2. Jubilation: “Heeeowl!” I go again, out of joy and jubilation, the way people do in church.
3. Hoe: We need hoe or plow to soften the field before we plant on it.
4. Fierce: The dog became fierce when he lost its temper. After a fierce battle the enemy was forced to retreat.
5. Signature: If you show a judge a paper without a witness’s signature, he’ll laugh you right out of the courthouse.

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